Your Estate Agent and Solicitor
under one roof Stevenson & Marshall - making life easier
By making a will you can provide for your family's future security
and you can minimise tax liability
If you don’t make a will you lose control over what happens to your assets when you die. You may think that your spouse will automatically get your whole estate, but this is not necessarily the case. If you have young children they may receive their inheritance at age 16, when you would prefer them to have to wait until they are older. Making a will reduces the cost of dealing with your estate.
You can use your will to reduce the risk of assets being used to pay for nursing home care for your spouse after your death. You should also think about making a power of attorney.
Frequently Asked Questions
If you don’t make a will:
• No-one is automatically appointed your executor (the person who winds up your estate) and a family member has to apply to the court to be appointed executor. This increases expense and there is a legal requirement to take out insurance which can be expensive.
• Your spouse doesn’t necessarily get everything in your estate
• If you are not married or in a civil partnership your partner has no automatic entitlement to any share of your estate, but has to apply to the court
• The law governs who gets what and, unless all those entitled to a share agree, this can’t be changed
• If your estate falls partly or wholly to children, they are entitled to payment in full when they are just 16
You can appoint your executor – the person who administers your estate
You can appoint a guardian in your place to make decisions about the care and welfare of your children under 16, along with any surviving parent
You can delay payments to children until they are older, by using a Trust
You can provide for your spouse to live in your home for life, and then for it to pass to someone else
You can ensure that particular items of your possessions go to the person(s) you want to have them after your death
You can provide for your spouse to have all or most of your estate (but see below)
If you are not married but living with a partner, you can provide for your partner and avoid the need for an application to court after your death.
You can do some tax planning, and consider planning for the possibility that you or your spouse may need nursing home care in the future.
You can’t prevent your children and/or your spouse or partner making a claim against your estate even ifyou don’t include them in your will
You can’t usually control what people do with the money or things you leave to them, unless you set up a trust
If the title to your home contains a “survivorship” then the house usually passes automatically to the coowner when you die, regardless of what your will says. You should get legal advice about whether this applies to you, and whether or not it should be changed
You need good legal advice to make a will which disposes of your estate just as you wish, and which makes effective tax planning for those you leave behind. Talk to us also about planning for the possibility of planning for the costs of nursing home care in the future.
Making a Will
You should review your will at least every 10 years. But if something happens in your life to change your family relationships or your property, for example a marriage, the birth of children or a bereavement, you may need to consider changing your will earlier. Changes in legislation, especially about Inheritance Tax, sometimes make it a good idea to review your will. You should also consider whether your will makes the best provision for you and your family if you or your spouse needs nursing home care in the future.
No, but it is advisable to do so. Remember, if you make a mistake you will not be around to put it right. You need to consider a lot of possibilities, and your solicitor is used to doing this. There may be complexities such as making provision for young children or those who are disabled. Wills are often complex where there has been a second marriage, and there may be children from two marriages with a claim on an estate. You may also want to minimise legal expense and tax liabilities on your death.
No, you have to make a new will if you don’t want your previous will to have effect.
Here are some things for you to think about before coming to see us about your will:
• Your assets - making a list (it doesn’t need to be too detailed) helps you to focus on what needs to be dealt with. You (and we) can tell whether Inheritance Tax might be an issue. Are there particular items or assets you want to give to particular people?
• Your executors - this is the person (it can be more than one) who will oversee the administration of your estate. Often this will be your spouse or partner, or one or more of your
children. Try to appoint two executors if you can, as this protects against one of them dying before you. You may want to consider appointing a solicitor if your estate is likely to be
• Your spouse or partner - what provision do you want to make? Does your will need to allow for your spouse or partner dying before you? Is it likely that you or they will need nursing home care in the future?
• Your children - if they are young you will want to appoint a Guardian for them. You should check that anyone you want to appoint as Guardian is willing to do this. We can advise you as to what is involved. If your children are grown up, you will still want to think about their needs in future years.
• Your beneficiaries – are any of them disabled physically or mentally? Could any of them still be under 16 when you die? You may not want them to receive their inheritance at such a young age, so a trust might be required. Perhaps there is a charity you wish to support?
We will need full names and addresses for all the people you want to mention in your will